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Ancient copper-mining artifact at Presque Isle Park, Marquette, Michigan

From roughly 2500 B.C. to 1200 B.C., native copper was systematically mined from Lake Superior’s Isle Royale and also from what has become the Keweenaw region of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.

Reliable estimates of quantities range from about 20 to 50 million tons—that’s one heck of a lot of copper, even at the lowest end of this calculated spread!

Save for a relatively miniscule amount, this copper has generally not been recovered locally or regionally, so a logical question is: Where did all of that copper go?

Europe, meanwhile, was in the midst of its Bronze Age, fueled largely by the casting and shipping of ‘oxide ingots’—with the major source of core copper still unknown to this day.

Should we merely “connect the dots” here for the answers? Perhaps, but why not instead enjoy the journey while at the same time not jumping to conclusions?

Here, then, are some great places to start that journey:

· Philip Coppens essay, originally published in Frontier Magazine >>>

· J. S. Wakefield article, posted at Graham Hancock’s website >>>

· Coming for Copper booklet >>>

· Roger Jewell’s book >>>

· Video presentations of J.S. Wakefield & Roger Jewell
at the Ancient America History Converence, Salt Lake City, 4/11 >>>

· The Uluburun shipwreck, from the Institute of Nautical Archaeology >>>

· The “Powell Doctrine” >>>


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Last Updated 1.13.2017;Uploaded 1.3.12